Feigenson and Stahl dive into how infants, before they are even 1 year of age, use the scientific method to test hypothesis, especially when the see something unexpected. Babies are surprised when what they think an impossible thing has happened.
Babies were shown a ball that could seemingly pass through a wall. Other babies were shown a ball that was stopped by the wall. New information was taught about the object, and they found unexpected or surprising situations taught the babies more. This encourages exploratory behaviors.
Here is a video on the experiment.